February 23, 2024

RYPM Resources, Market Trends


In the realm of Ontario's rental market, navigating the myriad of forms and legal documents can be a daunting task for both property owners and tenants. Among these, one particular form stands out due to its importance in the tenancy termination process: the N9 form. The question, "What is an N9 in Ontario?" is one that frequently arises, signalling a need for clarity and understanding regarding its purpose and implications.

Introduction to the N9 Form

The N9 form, officially known as the Tenant's Notice to End the Tenancy, is a legal document provided by the Landlord and Tenant Board (LTB) of Ontario. It is designed to be used by tenants who wish to voluntarily terminate their tenancy agreement before the lease expires. This form is a crucial aspect of Ontario's residential tenancy laws, ensuring that the process of ending a tenancy is conducted in a manner that is respectful of both the tenant's and landlord's rights.

When and How to Use the N9 Form

For Tenants: Tenants may decide to end their tenancy for various reasons, including relocating for work, downsizing, or moving to a different neighbourhood. When a tenant decides to move out, they must provide their landlord with an N9 form as official notice of their intention to leave. The form must be submitted according to specific timelines stipulated by the Residential Tenancies Act (RTA), typically at least 60 days before the lease term ends for a standard yearly or fixed-term lease, and 28 days for a month-to-month lease.

For Landlords: While the N9 form is primarily for tenant use, understanding its function and requirements is equally important for landlords. Upon receiving an N9 notice, landlords should verify that the notice meets all legal requirements, including the proper notice period. Landlords can then begin the process of seeking a new tenant, ensuring a smooth transition and minimal vacancy period.

Key Components of the N9 Form

The N9 form requires specific information to be valid, including:

  • - The date the notice is given
  • - The address of the rental property
  • - The date the tenancy is to be terminated
  • - The tenant's signature

It's imperative for both parties to fill out and handle this form accurately to avoid potential disputes or legal challenges.

 Implications of the N9 Form

Submitting an N9 form is a legally binding action that initiates the termination of the tenancy agreement under the terms specified by the tenant. It's essential for tenants to be sure of their decision to move out, as retracting an N9 notice can only be done with the landlord's agreement. For landlords, receiving an N9 form means they must prepare for the tenant's departure and the subsequent steps to re-rent the property.

The N9 form is a key element of Ontario's rental landscape, facilitating a structured process for tenancy termination. Both tenants and landlords must understand the significance of this form, ensuring that it is used appropriately and in compliance with Ontario's Residential Tenancies Act. Whether you are a tenant planning to move out or a landlord managing rental properties, familiarizing yourself with the N9 form and its proper use is essential for a smooth and respectful end to the tenancy. This guide aims to demystify the process, providing clarity and confidence to Ontario's property owners and tenants alike.